UNESCO World Heritage sites: Explore the historic centre of Rome and the Properties of the Holy See and San Paolo Fuori le Mura; visit the Renaissance Villa Adriana and Villa D'Este (Tivoli); discover the Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia.
Did you know? Rome's Colosseum, built in 70 A.D., is the largest amphitheatre in the world. The Pantheon, built in 27 B.C., is the only monument belonging to ancient Rome that still remains intact. The Vatican museums - the world's largest museum complex, have hundreds of galleries full of masterpieces collected by successive popes, of which 90 are buried inside St Peter’s Basilica.
The Sistine Chapel: Painted by Michelangelo between 1508 and 1512, the chapel is a work of high Renaissance art. The complex design demonstrates Michelangelo's great skill in creating a huge variety of poses for the human figure.
The Treasures of Rome: The Trevi Fountain, St Peter's Square and Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, the Spanish Steps, the Colosseum, the Pantheon, Castel Sant' Angelo, the Mouth of Truth, the Baths of Caracalla, Villa Borghese – an endless list of treasures to be seen!
Markets: There are several good outdoor markets, flea markets, and places to buy antiques in Rome. Porta Portese (Trastevere), which opens on Sundays from 7am until 1pm, is the most important flea market in Rome selling almost everything.
Ostia Antica: The ancient port of Rome, Ostia Antica was abandoned when the Tiber changed course centuries ago. As well as the theatre, necropolis, temples and fountains, there are fascinating remains of warehouses, apartment blocks, bathhouses and taverns.
Shopping: One of the most popular shopping areas is the Via del Corso and the streets that radiate from it. Alternatively, Via Cola di Rienzo in the Prati neighbourhood, north of the Vatican has a similar assortment of stores but far fewer tourists.
Catacombs: Visit the fascinating if macabre catacombs. Hundreds of kilometres of the oldest and longest underground burial tunnels in the world can be found beneath the city of Rome and its outskirts. The oldest tunnels date back to the first century.
Superstition: Toss a coin over your left shoulder in to the Trevi Fountain to ensure you return to Rome in the future. Or, according to the iconic 1950s film ‘Three Coins in the Fountain’, toss two coins in the fountain and you will find romance and eventually marriage. It’s a tradition that is fun and also beneficial to the city’s poor as the coins are collected and used to fund an inner-city supermarket that feeds the city’s poorest citizens.