Waterfall at Platres, Troodos Mountains Waterfall at Platres, Troodos Mountains

The Troodos Mountains is Cyprus' largest mountain range and also home to the country's highest peak, Mt Olympus. The flora of the Geopark is the richest in Cyprus and, for this reason, the Troodos mountain range is considered one of the most important mountain habitats for plants in the whole of Europe. The fauna of Troodos reflects the rich flora and the wide spectrum of habitats it creates for many insects, birds and animals, many of which are endemic to the region.


The Cyprus Mouflon - Ovis gmelini ophion
The mouflon is a wild sheep and this subspecies is found only in Cyprus and dates back 10,000 years. Other variants can be found in Turkey, Corsica and Sardinia.  It is a large animal, the largest of the local wildlife fauna, and was endangered for many years as hunters considered it to be quite a prize.  Some specimens are kept in a large enclosure of several acres at the mountain forestry centre at Stavros Tis Psokas but, over the last few years, as the animal is now protected except for the occasional poacher, it has bred successfully and can sometimes be spotted while on mountain trails.  It is estimated that there are now over 3,000 individuals that roam the forests of the Troodos and Paphos mountains. Males weigh approximately 35 kilos and have heavy sickle shaped, 2 ft long horns when mature. The mouflon is a shy, beautiful and agile animal and it’s a privilege to see one.

Cyprus moulton Cyprus moulton

There are around 398 species of avifauna in Cyprus because the island lies on the migration routes from Africa and  the Middle East to central and northern Europe.  Approximately 200 species are regular migratory visitors and 40 of them breed on the island.  There are 50 resident species and 2 are endemic to Cyprus, the Cyprus Wheatear and the Cyprus Warbler.  There are also 4 endemic subspecies, being the Cyprus Scops Owl, the Coal Tit, the short-toed Treecreeper and the Cyprus Jay.

The Griffon Vulture - Gyps fulvus
By 2011 only 10 Griffon vultures were thought to be living in the wild.  Between 2007 and 2013, in cooperation with Greece, another 25 vultures were brought from Crete in order to strengthen the Cyprus population.  Some youngsters have since been seen and it is estimated that there could be as many 35 and more.  The population still cannot be considered safe and the population still needs strengthening from birds from Crete or Spain.  However, things are looking up for the Cyprus population.

The Griffon is very much an old world vulture with a white neck ruff and yellow bill. With a weight between 6 kg and 10 kg , a length of 37 - 48 in and a wingspan of 7.5 to 9.2 ft this is a majestic bird and effortless flyer.

Griffon vulture Griffon vulture

Bonelli’s Eagle - Aquila fasciata
This is the only eagle species that breeds in Cyprus and tends to nest on large Calabrian pine trees in the Troodos and Paphos forests.  It is estimated that there are 30 to 40 breeding pairs on the island.  The population is considered to be stable and its food, being snakes, rats, lizards, hares and partridges, is plentiful. Birds are 22 to 26 ins in length and have a wingspan of around 5 ft.

Bonelli's eagle Bonelli's eagle

The Short-toed Treecreeper - Certhia brachydactyla dorotheae Hartert
This tiny little bird is an endemic subspecies of the mainland populations with a distinct difference in the song. The birds inhabit pine woodland from an altitude of 450 m and above. They have a long, slender, downcurved bill and are speckled brown.  They eat insects and spiders and can be spotted foraging on pine trees. Very much one for the twitchers!

Short-toed treecreeper Short-toed treecreeper

Cyprus Wheatear - Oenanthe cypriaca
The Cyprus wheatear is a very pretty bird, black on the tail and back and white front and top of the head.  It’s really a fly catcher and about 5 to 6 in long. The bird is endemic to Cyprus as it breeds only on the island and is very well established, not threatened and widely seen, though it winters in south Sudan and Ethiopia.  Unlike other wheatears, the Cyprus bird breeds and occupies more forested habitats and is more likely to be seen in the lower region of the Troodos range where it also has access to open ground and bush/tree vegetation.

Cyprus wheatear Cyprus wheatear

Cyprus Warbler - Sylvia melanothorax
Another small bird endemic to Cyprus as it breeds only on the island.  It winters in Israel, Jordan and Egypt.  It is very well established and plentiful on Cyprus and breeds in the foothills of the Troodos range as it needs access to dry open country and bushes for nesting..  The male has a grey back, black head, white malar streaks and its chest and underparts are  streaked with black.

Cyprus warbler Cyprus warbler

Cyprus Scops Owl - Otus scops cyprius
Many are adamant that the  endemic Cyprus scops owl should be elevated to full species status as its song and dark plumage are distinctive. It does not breed with other scops owls that migrate through the island. It inhabits forests and farmland.  It is a small dark owl with small ear-tufts and lives year round on the island and can be heard on many an evening.

Scoops Owl Scoops Owl

Talk to our Greece expert

Karolina Sulkowska
Karolina Sulkowska

Karo came to us in 2010 for her one year placement while at University. We liked her and she liked us so, after finishing, she ended up coming back. Being Polish and wanting to go back to Poland to get married, she now picks up the phone - thanks to modern technology - in her home town of Przezmierowo. Along with Justin, her specialities are complicated fly drive and island hopping itineraries. Her favourite region in Greece is the Ionian.

Call one of our experts to discuss your next holiday with Sunvil on

020 8568 4499

We open today at 9:00 AM

Make an Enquiry

Please use this form to request further information about a Sunvil holiday or destination.

We promise that a member of our specialist reservation teams will reply personally to your holiday enquiry before 5.30pm if received before 12.00pm (Monday to Friday). Enquiries received after 12.00pm will be replied to within 24-hours (excluding Sundays).

If your enquiry is of an urgent nature, please telephone our dedicated reservation teams on the numbers listed below.

Our lines are open from 9.00am to 5.30pm Monday-Friday and from 9.30am to 4.30pm Saturday.

  • Greece: 020 8758 4758
  • Cyprus: 020 8758 4759
  • Portugal, the Azores, Spain, Italy, Sicily and Scandinavia: 020 8758 4722
  • Latin America: 020 8758 4774

Required Information

* Mandatory Information
Title *
First name *
Surname *
Telephone number *
Alternative telephone number
Email address *
Confirm email address
Preferred method of communication *
If you would like to be called during a specific period, please specify

Details

Preferred departure date *
Duration *
Preferred UK departure airport *
Party size *

Back

  • Adults(12+ yrs)
  • Children(2 to 11 yrs)
  • Infants(Under 2 yrs)
Budget range
Other comments:

Email newsletters

We promise that a member of our specialist reservation teams will reply personally to your holiday enquiry before 5.30pm if received before 12.00pm (Monday to Friday). Enquiries received after 12.00pm will be replied to within 24-hours (excluding Sundays).

If your enquiry is of an urgent nature, please telephone our dedicated reservation teams on the numbers listed below.

Our lines are open from 9.00am to 5.30pm Monday-Friday and from 9.30am to 4.30pm Saturday.

  • Greece: 020 8758 4758
  • Cyprus: 020 8758 4759
  • Portugal, the Azores, Spain, Italy, Sicily and Scandinavia: 020 8758 4722
  • Latin America: 020 8758 4774

Required Information

* Mandatory Information
Title *
First name *
Surname *
Telephone number *
Alternative telephone number
Email address *
Confirm email address
Preferred method of communication *
If you would like to be called during a specific period, please specify
Booking reference number *
Alternatively, please enter your query in the box below:

Email newsletters

Thank you for your enquiry

Thank you for your enquiry. A member of our specialist reservation teams will be in touch shortly.

If your enquiry is of an urgent nature, please telephone our dedicated reservation teams on the numbers listed below.

Our lines are open from 9.00am to 5.30pm Monday-Friday and from 9.30am to 4.30pm Saturday.

  • Greece: 020 8758 4758
  • Cyprus: 020 8758 4759
  • Portugal, the Azores, Italy, Sicily and Scandinavia: 020 8758 4722
  • Latin America: 020 8758 4774

Your details have been saved

Feel free to continue to browse the site and add to your enquiry. Don't forget to send the enquiry before you leave!

My Suitcase

We understand that so much choice can be overwhelming which is why we have developed 'My Suitcase'. This facility allows you to save and compare your favourite holidays, and even allows you to return to your selection at a later stage.

Why not use 'My Suitcase' to compile a wish list of your future Sunvil holidays?

 

Sign in


New to Sunvil?

Create Account


Already have an account?

Password reset

Back

Close

Close